Obviously human trafficking is an illegal and an underground industry; it is incredibly difficult to obtain reliable statistics. Adding to this challenge is the fact that governments, NGO’s, and others working in the field have varying definitions of the term “human trafficking”. The following statistics are results from the research of Justice ACTS.
US TIP report, 2012
Total slavery worldwide: 20.9 million
- Labor exploitation: 14.2 million (67.9%)
- Sexual exploitation: 4.5 million (21.5%)
- State-imposed force labor: 2.2 million (10.5%)
- Africa: 3.7 million.
UN TIP report, 2012
- 27% of all global trafficking victims are children
- Trafficking for organ removal has been found in 16 countries
- 134 countries/territories have criminalized trafficking
- Convictions have been very low – of 132 countries covered 2007- 2010, 16% had zero convictions.
Africa and the Middle East (2007-2010)
- Of the forms of trafficking detected – 49% was forced labor, 36% sexual exploitation, 14% other trafficking, 0.8% organ removal
- Also use of body parts in rituals was reported in East and South Africa – but little data available
- 3,000 Africans identified as trafficking victims to Western and Central Europe between 2007-2010 (mainly West Africans)
USA Department of Health and Human Services (2006 Fact Sheet) After drug dealing, trafficking of humans is tied with arms dealing as the second-largest criminal industry in the world, and it is the fastest-growing.